Photo Credit: Wikipedia user Andrejj
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The ascent on Triglav was connected with the competition between Slovenes and Germans. The first recorded ascent of Triglav was achieved on 26 August 1778 by Luka KoroÅ¡ec, Matija Kos, Å tefan RoÅ¾ič and Lovrenc Willomitzer, on the initiative of the industrialist and polymath Sigmund Zois. Triglav's height was first measured in 1808 by Valentin Stanič.
During World War II, Triglav symbolically captured the primary drive for the Slovene resistance to the Fascist and Nazi armies, a national liberation. The Slovene Partisans wore the Triglav cap from 1942 until after 1944.
Triglav was the highest peak of (now defunct) Yugoslavia; it was both the most prominent peak and, together with the southern Vardar river (now in Republic of Macedonia), the symbol of Yugoslav "brotherhood and unity".
At the top of the mountain stands a small metal structure, the AljaÅ¾ Tower (Slovene: AljaÅ¾ev stolp). It is a storm shelter and a triangulation point. Along with Triglav, it is a landmark of Slovenia and a symbol of Slovenes and the Slovenian territorial sovereignty.
The tower's namesake was the priest, mountaineer and patriot Jakob AljaÅ¾, who around 1900 purchased the Kredarica waypoint and the summit for the sum of five Austro-Hungarian florins. Having done so, he secured himself the right to erect a building on his own real property. In early 1895, he drew up plans for a cylindrical tower with a flag on its top and ordered its construction.
The tower was constructed from iron and zinc-coated sheet steel by Anton Belec from Å entvid. The tower was carried in parts to the top of Triglav and put together on 7 August 1895. The opening took place that same day. AljaÅ¾ donated the shelter to the Slovene Mountaineering Society.
In the beginning, there were three four-legged chairs, a summit register, a spirit stove, and the image Triglav Panorama by Marko Pernhart in the tower. It was later repainted and renovated several times by Alojz Knafelc and others. However, it has more or less retained its original appearance. On the proclamation of Slovenian independence in June 1991, the flag of Slovenia was solemnly raised at the tower.
Due to lack of space, AljaÅ¾ commissioned the building of Stanič Shelter. It is located 55 metres (180 ft) under the top of Triglav and is named after Valentin Stanič. The shelter that has the dimensions of 2.4Ã—2.2Ã—2 m (7.9Ã—7.2Ã—6.6 ft) has room for 8 sitting or 16 standing people. Originally it also had a wooden door, banks, a table and a chair. Its significance diminished after the Kredarica Hut was erected in 1896.
The Triglav Glacier (Triglavski ledenik) is located below the summit on the karstified Triglav Plateaux (Triglavski podi), part of the northeastern side of the mountain. Covering over 40 hectares (99 acres) at the end of the 19th century, the glacier shrunk to 15 hectares (37 acres) until 1946, and after further shrinkage fell into two parts in 1992. It now covers an area of 1â€“3 hectares only, depending on the season.
The Triglav area is the setting of an old Slovene folktale concerning a hunter seeking a treasure guarded by an enchanted chamois buck named Zlatorog (Goldhorn, after its golden horns).
The earliest known depiction of Triglav is on the front page of the work Oryctographia Carniolica, written by Belsazar Hacquet. It was a copper engraving made in 1778 by C. Conti after a drawing by Franz Xaver Baraga. Among later visual artists who depicted Triglav, the most known are Anton Karinger (1829â€“1870) from Ljubljana, Marko Pernhart (1824â€“1871) from Klagenfurt, Valentin Hodnik (1896â€“1935) from Stara FuÅ¾ina, Edo DerÅ¾aj (1904â€“1980) from Ljubljana, and recently Marjan Zaletel (born 1945), living in Ljubljana.
Among the musical works related to Triglav, a special place is held by the poem Oh, Triglav, My Home (Oj, Triglav, moj dom). It was written in 1894 by the priest and poet Matija Zemljič and quickly became very popular among Slovenian mountaineers. In 2007, its first stanza, accompanied by a melody of Jakob AljaÅ¾, became the official anthem of the Mountaineering Association of Slovenia. An instrumental version of the poem, written by Bojan Adamič, is each year part of the start and end credits of ski jumping broadcasts from Planica.
The first Slovene-language full-length film, recorded in 1931 by Janko Ravnik, was titled In the Kingdom of the Goldhorn (V kraljestvu Zlatoroga) and features ascent by a group of students to the top of Triglav. The second Slovene full-length film, recorded in the following year, was titled The Slopes of Mount Triglav (Triglavske strmine). It was directed by Ferdo Delak and was a romantic story featuring a signature of a wedding contract on the top of Triglav.
Since 1968, Triglav has become a theme of avant-garde artists. The first instance was a manifestation by the art group OHO, called Mount Triglav, which took place in December 1968 at Ljubljana's Congress Square. In 2004, the group IRWIN produced a series of paintings named Like to Like/ Mount Triglav. In 2007, an artistic performance was held atop Mount Triglav by the artists Janez JanÅ¡a (director), Janez JanÅ¡a (visual artist) and Janez JanÅ¡a (performance artist) as Mount Triglav on Mount Triglav.
A stylized depiction of Triglav's distinctive shape is the central element of the Slovenian coat of arms, and is in turn featured on the flag of Slovenia (and, formerly, on the coat of arms of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia). A Slovene flag was unfurled from the summit of Triglav on 26 June 1991, the night of the declaration of independence of Slovenia from Yugoslavia.
The distinctive three-pronged caps worn by Slovene Partisans during World War II were known as triglavkas. A photorealistic relief of the mountain is the design on the national side of the Slovenian 50 eurocent coin.
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